The Conjuring 2 (2016) James Wan - Movie Review
The Conjuring 2 (2016) Directed by: James Wan
Writers: Carey Hayes, Chad Hayes, James Wan, David Johnson (screenplay),
Stars: Patrick Wilson, Vera Farmiga, Madison Wolfe, Frances O'Connor, Simon McBurney, Franka Potente, Bob Adrian, Bonnie Aarons, Lauren Esposito, Benjamin Haigh, Patrick McAuley, Maria Doyle Kennedy, Simon Delaney
Run Time: 134min Rated: 14A (Canada) R (MPAA) for terror and horror violence
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A scary religion roller coaster
Horror films are not for everyone and neither are roller coasters. A "good" horror film is like a good roller coaster with twists and turns and loops in just the right spots. With The Conjuring 2 James Wan has constructed a roller coaster of a film with pacing that provides a scare in almost every scene, however, be careful not to get caught up in the films claim to be "based on a true story."
In this instalment Ed and Lorraine Warren (Patrick Wilson, Vera Farmiga) are called into action by a representative of the Roman Catholic Church to investigate claims of paranormal activities swirling around the Hodgson family home in Enfield, UK. Set in 1977 The Conjuring 2 opens with scenes depicting the Warren’s investigation in Amityville, New York (an investigation that brought them their initial notoriety) and as the film unfolds it becomes apparent the Warrens have some paranormal baggage of their own. The writers of the film carefully weave the Warren’s story into the Enfield Poltergeist haunting investigation story.
Viewers with an interest in the topic who are looking for more than the cheap and easy bumps and scares of a carnival roller coaster ride will want to note that in actuality Ed and Lorraine Warren had practically nothing to do with the Hodgson family or the investigation of the claims of harassing and malevolent supernatural activity at their house. In fact, the real-life Society for Psychical Research investigator Guy Lyon Playfair only remembered them being at the Hodgson home for a day or two, and during that time Ed Warren had offered to help him make a lot of money off of the investigation, an offer Playfair declined. Over and over the accusation emerges that this real life couple were opportunistic and exploitative of the people they encountered and the paranormal investigations they were involved in. Keep this in mind as both The Conjuring and The Conjuring 2 present Ed and Lorraine Warren as super-sincere individuals willing to risk their lives for others. Sharp audiences will need to account for the disconnect between the way in which these films depict this notorious couple and the real-life-behind-the-scenes reports of their motivations and activities.
The Conjuring 2 then is a highly fictionalized presentation of events. Yes, Peggy Hodgson (Frances O'Connor) and her four children lived in Enfield; yes, an eye witness report was filed by local police about mysterious moving furniture in the home; yes, in 1977 the Society for Psychical Research really investigated their claims; and yes, Ed and Lorraine Warren were real people, but so was Abraham Lincoln and yet films like Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter (2012) crop up from time to time and it's safe to say Lincoln didn't spend his free time fighting vampires with a silver axe. Today there are people who will embrace every aspect of this film, however keep in mind these films by James Wan, The Conjuring (2013), Annabelle (2014) and The Conjuring 2, are not documentaries but finely-crafted manipulative roller coaster rides intended to make audiences jump out of or squirm in their seats.
The haunting-poltergeist demonic possession depicted in the film centers on eleven-year-old Janet Hodgson (Madison Wolfe). After she and older sister Margaret (Lauren Esposito), who share a room, ask questions of the spirits using a hand-made Ouija Board Janet begins hearing noises in the night and begins sleepwalking and holding conversations while asleep with something in the shadows. Margaret witnesses some of these things. Eventually inanimate objects start moving around the house and Janet, with an uncharacteristically low gravelly voice, introduces the ghost of Bill Wilkins (Bob Adrian), a former resident of the house who'd died sitting in a chair in the front room — an historical detail it is supposed Janet couldn't have known. Add to the creepy factor that the chair in which Mr. Wilkins died came with the house and the stage is set for all the thrills and chills that come with this sort of film. Soon toys come to life, children are levitating, and everyone is running and screaming over to the neighbour’s house (Maria Doyle Kennedy, Simon Delaney) for safety.
As with the Perron family in The Conjuring (2013) the Hodgson family in The Conjuring 2 are not portrayed as particularly religious; there are no mealtime prayers or other daily prayers, they don't attend church services and they treat things like crosses, given by well-meaning neighbours in a superstitious way simply hoping that putting them up on the wall in the girl’s room would help their cause. While Lorraine Warren is shown reading her Bible and Ed is frequently shown with a small necklace crucifix that he wears and pulls out for protection at times, generally the Warren’s come off as more superstitious than religious. This is a big tip-off as to how the film portrays Christianity.
By using the horror film convention of subverting the familiar to create unease Wan tweaks almost everything to do with historic Christianity to make it potentially creepy to his audience. For example, he uses what should be happy Christmas carols during ominous moments juxtaposing these elements to ramp up dissonant tension in key scenes. He even incorporates a demon dressed as a Catholic nun (Bonnie Aarons) throughout the film. This is rather low-hanging fruit as the trope of the scary nun has been around for a long time.
From a Christian perspective these things could be forgiven had the film presented the true Christian message as applicable to the supernatural world and life after death. And because the Warren’s are specifically portrayed as devout Roman Catholics who could share their faith with the people they are helping there is a small amount of anticipation that a presentation of the true Christian message could happen. It doesn't. So what viewers are left with is Christianity used for effect and not for substance. This isn't to say that questions revolving around the topic of the supernatural world and life after death aren't a key part of the film, rather it is to say that Christian substance isn't brought to bear on the question.
At one point there was a natural spot where Lorraine Warren could have shared her faith with the Society for Psychical Research investigator Maurice Grosse (Simon McBurney). Grosse is presented as a genuine individual who cares a great deal for the Hodgson family and desperately wants proof of life after death. In the film, as in real life, Grosse was grieving the loss of his daughter and his involvement in paranormal investigation was grounded in his hope for proof that her disembodied spirit could have carried on after her death. Lorraine Warren could have mentioned the resurrection of Jesus as better evidence of life after death than anything they could have collected on tape recordings of alleged demonic possession. At another point, Ed Warren gives his prized crucifix necklace to the young girl Janet but does so in a way that turns the crucifix into a lucky charm. When he gives it to her he could have said something as simple as, "Do you know who this is? It's Jesus. He's already defeated the devil and death; trust in Him."
In The Conjuring (2013) the Warrens asked the Perron family if their children were baptized. In The Conjuring 2 no such question is asked. This is a significant omission since in times of spiritual struggle Christians are to remember their baptism. In the Small Catechism Luther encourages the baptised to remember their baptism every day by making the sign of the cross and saying, "In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." While the Triune name of God is invoked by the Warrens in the film it is portrayed as more superstitious than religious. Movies like these are often not interested in the substance of Christian theology opting rather for an unsophisticated presentation the Christian faith, The Conjuring 2 is no exception.
This isn't to say, however, that the film as a whole is unsophisticated. Wan does an admirable and sophisticated job encouraging the audience to embrace Ed and Lorraine Warren’s story by portraying them as heartfelt genuine characters while cleverly weaving a romantic story line for them. Early in the film, with their credibility poked at by sceptics, they are presented as underdogs. And of course everyone wants to see the underdog succeed and true love to flourish.
Wan even uses a common romantic comedy trope/cliché in the film. In romantic comedies there is usually a moment about twenty-five minutes before the end of the film where everything is going great and then the relationship stalls and breaks up over a misunderstanding. Then, only after a small epiphany, the couple comes back together and makes their grand declarations of love. Something similar happens in The Conjuring 2. Imagine the young girl Janet and the Hodgson family as the well-meaning-but-boneheaded man in a Rom-Com and the Warrens as the loveable woman who realizes it was all just a misunderstanding. After clearing the hurdle, the film is free to come to its conclusion. This sophisticated and manipulative move by Wan is important to note because it's used to soothe the viewer alongside all the jumps and scares, reinforcing positive feelings that can migrate to the topic at hand: a robust belief in ghosts, haunting, and the paranormal. As the filmmaker Wan has a vested interest in retaining and building an appetite for future instalments in The Conjuring series, for spin-offs sequels like Annabelle 2 (2017), as well as for his Insidious (2011, 2013, 2015, 2017) film franchise. And while Scripture includes various accounts of supernatural activity that the Christian will confess to be true these films by James Wan tend to be more interested in the art of the fright and scaring up financial returns than they are in presenting the truth.
When standing in line for a roller coaster people know they are about to get manipulated into moments of terror and fright. Yet there they are, standing in line, and while there are always some who have been pressured into going on the ride they eventually realize roller coasters just aren't for them. Movies like The Conjuring 2 are just like the roller coaster and will be best enjoyed by those who enjoy a good scare-induced jump. Don't however expect that The Conjuring 2 has anything profound to add to the exploration or understanding of Christianity. The Christian faith is about as integral to this film as the “theme” of a roller coaster is to the roller coaster itself; it's more of an excuse for the ride.
Rev. Ted Giese is associate pastor of Mount Olive Lutheran Church, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada; a contributor to The Canadian Lutheran, Reporter and KFUOam; and movie reviewer for the “Issues, Etc.” radio program. Follow Pastor Giese on Twitter @RevTedGiese. Check out our Movie Review Index!
You can also find this article featured in the Reporter and the Canadian Lutheran.